Merry Christmas from Animal Travels.

Considering today is the 23rd of December and almost Christmas, I’ve decided to skip this week’s Animal Travels and instead wish everybody a Merry Christmas!

I hope all my readers have the Christmas they deserve and have an amazing time with family, friends and pets!

To finish this post I’m just going to add some of my favourite pictures that I’ve taken this year!

Feel free to share any of your favourite pictures from this year as I’m interested to see them!

Merry Christmas everybody! Talk soon!

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Snow Day Fun

The little town that I call ‘home’ experienced some snow this past week. Living up a gigantic hill isn’t always helpful when it snows resulting in several stuck vehicles and a bus blocking the road.

However, the snow did allow me to get out and take some pictures with the dog, so for this post I just wanted to share the pictures that I managed to capture before the snow melted.

I hope you enjoy seeing my photos as this is something different than normal for this blog.

Let me know in the comments or on my Facebook, Twitter or Instagram. Also let me know if you’d like to see more of my photography!

IMG_1847IMG_1836IMG_1828IMG_1817IMG_1813IMG_1802IMG_1796IMG_1795

 

 

All About Reindeer

(Rangifer tarandus)
Vulnerable

 

  • animals_hero_reindeer.jpgAlso known as Caribou.
  • 2890400 mature individuals remaining in the wild.
  • Decreasing population trend.
  • Competition with domesticated Reindeer and unregulated hunted are causing threats to wild Reindeer.
  • Have several adaptations that allow them to survive and thrive in a tundra environment:
    • Reindeer have unique bone structures inside their noses which enable their nostrils to open wide, warming cold air before it enters the lungs.
    • Due to less than adequate eyesight, reindeer have found other ways to stay in touch with their herds in blizzard conditions. For example, their leg tendons snap when they walk resulting in a clicking sound.
  • Reindeer are the only species of mammal where both the male and female grow antlers.
  • They are also the only mammal with antlers that are capable of regenerating.
  • Male Reindeer shed their antlers each winter to allow for larger regrowth for the following spring. Whereas, female Reindeer shed their antlers in the spring. Therefore, all of Santa’s Reindeer would technically be female.
  • Reindeer are believed to be the only mammal that can see UV light.
  • They can run at speeds of up to 45mph.

    anatomy-rudolph-Xmas-Card-2011.jpg

Animal Travels: Peru

PERUVIAN WOOLLY MONKEY
(Lagothrix cana)
Endangered

57bafda8408a8.image.jpgMAJOR THREATS
This species is heavily hunted and infants are much favoured as pets. The females with offspring tend to be targeted by hunters, so that they can sell the infants as pets. Hunting is the main threat prior to deforestation, and colonization severely reduces their numbers.  Heavy deforestation also occurs in many parts of this species’ range.

FUN FACT
Can move at speeds of up to 35mph.


HUMBOLDT PENGUIN
(Spheniscus humboldti)
Vulnerable

Humboldt_penguin.jpgMAJOR THREATS
Fisheries in Peru exploit the main prey of the penguins, greatly reducing their prey base.
Alien species such as rats predate on the eggs of the penguins and also on young chicks. There have also been reports of feral cats on the islands in Peru which can cause a predation risks to both adult and juvenile individuals.
Andean foxes can enter coastal reserves in Peru and prey on the adult and juvenile penguins.
Humboldt Penguins are extremely sensitive to human presence which reduces the success of breeding at frequently visited sites.
These penguins are also at risk from habitat loss and pollution.

FUN FACT
Humboldt penguins were named for the German scientist, Alexander Von Humboldt, who explored Cuba, Mexico, and South America in 1799.


SCARLET MACAW
(Ara macao)
Least Concern

scarlet-macaw-pictures.jpg
MAJOR THREATS
There are currently no major threats to the Scarlet Macaw but their population trend is currently decreasing. It is predicted that the population of Scarlet Macaws will drop by around 25% in the next 3 generations.

 

 

FUN FACT
They are said to have the intelligence of a 4-8 year old child.

 

 


AMAZON RIVER DOLPHIN (BOTO)
(Inia geoffrensis)
Data Deficient

shutterstock_164233874-1024x679.jpgMAJOR THREATS
Accidental death in fishing gear such as in gill nets. 
Deliberate killing for fish bait.
Fishing with explosives although illegal in most places is still common in areas of the Amazon.
Damming of rivers.
Between 1956 and the early 1970s, more than 100 botos were live-captured and exported mostly to the USA, Europe and Japan

FUN FACT
These dolphins are PINK!


Click here for more Animal Travels.

 

Sources:

Images courtesy of:

 

Christmas Gift Guide: Pets!

DOGS

1. Dog Friendly Mince Pies91A4qHWUeCL._SL1500_.jpg

Give them a taste of Christmas.
£4.95 on Amazon

2. Christmas Dog Stocking

71z28WNZ6aL._SL1500_.jpg

So they don’t feel left out this Christmas.
£7.99 on Amazon

3. Personalised Dog Bone Bauble

71O0t+KmypL._SL1500_.jpg

So you’ve always got a reminder of them at Christmas.
£6.95 on Amazon

4. Turkey and Cranberry Flavour Giant Bone
51AEPYhW9KL._SL1368_.jpg

£8.30 on Amazon

5. Set of 3 Christmas Squeaky Toys

41O21LD52JL.jpgTo make sure you don’t fall asleep after a glass (or two) of champagne.
£9.99 on Amazon


CATS

1. Christmas Stocking
81xod0-TC+L._SL1500_.jpg£5.99 on Amazon

2. Catnip Jingle Toys
61tgTIy5B-L._SL1087_.jpg
£7.61 on Amazon

3. Cat Treat Tin
61QoHbed-7L._SL1000_.jpg
£9.48 on Amazon


SMALL ANIMALS

1. Personalised Water Bowl
61gQHTcxFZL._SL1500_.jpg
£11.78 on Amazon

2. Stocking
914gLnrPyWL._SL1500_.jpg
£6.99 on Amazon


What is everyone buying their pets this year?

Let me know by commenting below, or contact me on Twitter, Facebook or Instagram.

Animals You May Not Have Heard About: Sunda Colugo

The Sunda Colugo (Galeopterus variegatus) is also known as the Sunda Flying Lemur.

Although, it is not truly a lemur, nor can it fly.

Sunda-flying-lemur.jpgListed as Least Concern by the IUCN Red List but currently has a declining population trend.

HABITAT

The Sunda Colugo is a forest dependant species living in evergreen forests and sleeping in coconut tress.


MAJOR THREATS

There is a large threat from hunting for consumption by local people and also from deforestation.


CONSERVATION

The Sunda Colugo is protected by national legislation and is found in many protected areas such as Halimun National Park.

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia
Chordata
Mammalia
Dermoptera
Cynocephalidae

unnamed.jpgWhat do you call a group of Sunda Colugos?
Conspiracy

 

Click here for more Animals You May Not Have Heard About

 

Sources:

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Animal Travels: Antarctica

Antarctica is over 5 million square miles and has some extremely well adapted species living there!


PENGUINS
There are six species of penguin that call Antarctica home.

  1. Aptenodytes_forsteri_-Snow_Hill_Island,_Antarctica_-adults_and_juvenile-8.jpgEmperor Penguin
    (Aptenodytes forsteri)
    Near Threatened
    595,000 mature individuals remaining in the wild with no current major threats.
  2. 152708-004-5B3C83E2.jpgChinstrap Penguin
    (Pygoscelis antarcticus)
    Least Concern
    Declining population trend can be attributed to threats from recent volcanic activity, human disturbances of breeding colonies and the harvesting of Antarctic krill which makes up the bulk of their diet.
  3. gentoopenguin.jpgGentoo Penguin
    (Pygoscelis papua)
    Least Concern
    774,000 mature individuals.
    Major threats come from the collection of eggs and disturbances from tourism which decrease breeding productivity.
  4. main-qimg-84bebfb4702b4086740772ded2d31fd8-c.jpegAdelie Penguin
    (Pygoscelis adeliae)
    Least Concern
    7580,000 mature individuals remaining in the wild and an increasing population trend.
    Their major threats come from climate change, the building of research stations which change their habitat and from the disturbance from tourists and scientists.
  5. Right-Whale-Bay-King-Penguin-1.jpgKing Penguin
    (Aptenodytes patagonicus)
    Least Concern
    Increasing population trend but faces threats from increasing sea temperatures, disturbance from helicopter flights which causes breeding failure; and disturbances from scientists and tourists.
  6. Macaroni_penguin.jpgMacaroni Penguin
    Eudyptes chrysolophus)
    Vulnerable
    Decreasing population trend which has faced major threats from commercial fishing, the warming of oceans, disturbance from scientists and tourists. Also increasing numbers of Fur Seal is leading to increased predation.

KILLER WHALE
(Orcinus orca)
There are 5 types of Orca in Antarctic waters.

  1. antarctic_type_a.jpgType A
    A very large orca: reaching lengths of up to 31 feet.
    Hunt Minke whales.
  2. Pitman whale and seal.jpgType B Large
    Also known as Pack Ice Orcas.
    Hunt seals and are famous for their “wave-washing” hunting technique.
  3. 17b769b5aef86dc4c15d519f3e4b3f60-nature-animals-wild-animals.jpg
    Type B Small
    Also known as Gerlache Orcas.
    They are believed to feed on penguins.
  4. full_Paul_Ensor__Gateway_Antarctica__University_of_Canterbury_5322_small.jpgType C
    Also known as the Ross Sea Orca.
    They are the smallest orcas reaching lengths of 20 feet.
  5. image_1172_1-killer-whale-type-d.jpgType D
    These are Subantarctic orcas.
    They look different from other orcas and are easily distinguished by their large melon.
    Very little is known about these orcas.

To read more about orcas, you can read my post “All About Killer Whales


Leopard-Seal-1.jpgLEOPARD SEAL
(Hydrurga leptonyx)
Least Concern
18,000 mature individuals remaining in the wild.

MAJOR THREATS
There are no major threats from human activity currently. However, climate change is leading to loss of sufficient pack ice for pupping and resting. There is also becoming less penguins available as prey for the leopard seals.

 

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Sources:

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